Journal of Philosophy

Reality, Mediality and Ideality—Roman Ingarden as Perceived in Thoughts, Letters and Memories

Reiner Matzker

Abstract. With great sympathy for Roman Ingarden and his work, Edith Stein edited his book project “The Literary Work Of Art.” In the letters she exchanges with him she reflects on relationship between reality and ideality: she writes that those who do not see the world as a reality must be fools. The political events in the 1930s had an impact on phenomenology. While Edmund Husserl dissociates himself from his protégé Martin Heidegger with regard to the content of his philosophy as well as with regard to his ideology, Edith Stein distances herself more and more from the phenomenological method, seeing it as removed from reality, and she eventually become a Carmelite nun. Roman Ingarden, on the other hand, reconsiders interpreting phenomenology as aesthetic theory. Literature and film are being re-analysed in terms of phenomenological mediality and as factors of human communication. Back