University of Bia³ystok
The article’s aim is to analyse the ontological and methodological
aspects of the interdisciplinarity problem in the context of
contemporary research into the mind. After a brief presentation of the
differences in meaning in the use of the terms: “multi-,” “inter-,” and
“transdisciplinarity,” the case of cognitive science is discussed.
According to the author, the levels of analysis and explanation in
multi(inter)disciplinary science of the mind correspond to different
levels or dimensions of its architecture. One of the main ontological
issues arising here concerns the nature of interlevel relationships
constituting the hierarchical structure of the cognitive system. The
article’s last part is devoted to showing that an integrated ontology of
mind (consistent with scientific knowledge) must be transdisciplinary in
character and based on emergentist assumptions.